HSK 4

HSK level 4, or advanced intermediate, shows your ability to talk fluently about various subjects

Vocabulary for HSK 4
No. Character Pinyin Cat. English
A
1 爱情 àiqíng n. love (between a man and a woman)
2 安排 ānpái v. to arrange
3 安全 ānquán adj. safe, secure
4 按时 ànshí adv. on time, on schedule
5 按照 ànzhào prep. according to
B
6 bàng adj. excellent, amazing
7 包子 bāozi n. steamed stuffed bun
8 百分之 bǎi fēn zhī percent
9 保护 bǎohù v. to protect
10 保证 bǎozhèng v. to guarantee
11 bào v. to hold in the arms, to hug
12 抱歉 bàoqiàn v. to be sorry
13 报名 bào míng v. to apply, to sign up
14 bèn adj. stupid, foolish
15 biàn m. time (denoting an action from beginning to end)
16 bèi m. times, -fold
17 本来 běnlái adv. originally, at first
18 比如 bǐrú v. for example, such as
19 毕业 bì yè v. to graduate
20 标准 biāozhǔn n. standard
21 表格 biǎogé n. form, table
22 表示 biǎoshì v. to express, to indicate
23 表演 biǎoyǎn v. to act, to perform
24 表扬 biǎoyáng v. to praise, to commend
25 饼干 bǐnggān n. biscuit
26 并且 bìngqiě conj. and
27 博士 bóshì n. doctor (academic degree)
28 不过 búguò conj. but, yet
29 不得不 bù dé bù to have to, to have no choice but
30 不管 bùguǎn conj. no matter ( what, how, etc.)
31 不仅 bùjǐn conj. not only
32 部分 bùfen n. part
C
33 v. to wipe
34 cāi v. to guess
35 材料 cáiliào n. data, material
36 参观 cānguān v. to visit, to look around
37 餐厅 cāntīng n. restaurant
38 厕所 cèsuǒ n. lavatory, toilet
39 差不多 chàbuduō adv. almost
40 cháng v. to taste
41 chǎng m. used for sports or recreational events, etc
42 乘坐 chéngzuò v. to take (a vechicle), to ride (in a vehicle)
43 吃惊 chī jīng v. to be surprised, to be shocked
44 出差 chū chāi v. to go on a business trip
45 出发 chūfā v. to depart, to set off
46 出生 chūshēng v. to be born
47 厨房 chúfáng n. kitchen
48 传真 chuánzhēn v. to send by fax
49 超过 chāoguò v. to exceed, to surpass
50 成功 chénggōng adj. successful
51 成为 chéngwéi v. to become
52 诚实 chéngshí adj. honest
53 重新 chóngxīn adv. again, once more
54 出现 chūxiàn v. to appear, to emerge
55 窗户 chuānghu n. window
56 词语 cíyǔ n. word, expression
57 从来 cónglái adv. always, all long
58 粗心 cūxīn adj. careless, thoughtless
59 cún v. to store, to keep
60 错误 cuòwù adj. wrong
D
61 答案 dá'àn n. answer, key
62 打扮 dǎban v. to dress up, to deck out
63 打扰 dǎrǎo v. to disturb, to bother
64 打印 dǎyìn v. to print out
65 打折 dǎ zhé v. to give a discount
66 打招呼 dǎ zhāohu v. to greet, to say hello
67 打针 dǎ zhēn v. to give or have an injection
68 大概 dàgài adv. roughly, approximately
69 大使馆 dàshǐguǎn n. embassy
70 大约 dàyuē adv. approximately, about
71 dài v. to wear (accessories)
72 大夫 dàifu n. doctor
73 dāng prep. when, just at (a time or place)
74 当时 dāngshí n. then, at that time
75 dāo n. knife
76 导游 dǎoyóu n. tour guide
77 dào adv. yet, actually (used to indicate contrast)
78 到处 dàochù adv. everywhere
79 到底 dàodǐ adv. … on earth (used in question for emphasis)
80 道歉 dàoqiàn v. to apologize
81 得意 déyì adj. complacent, gloating
82 登机牌 dēngjīpái n. boarding pass
83 n. bottom, base
84 地点 dìdiǎn n. place, site
85 děi mod. must, have to
86 děng part. and so on, etc.
87 adj. low
88 地球 dìqiú n. earth, globe
89 地址 dìzhǐ n. address
90 diū v. to throw, to cast
91 对话 duìhuà v. to have a dialogue
92 对面 duìmiàn n. opposite, across
93 对于 duìyú prep. for, to, with regard to
94 diào v. used after certain verbs, indicating the result of an action
95 调查 diàochá v. to survey, to investigate
96 动作 dòngzuò n. action, movement
97 堵车 dǔchē v. traffic jam
98 肚子 dùzi n. belly, stomach
99 短信 duǎnxìn n. text message
E
100 儿童 értóng n. children
F
101 发生 fāshēng v. to happen, to take place
102 发展 fāzhǎn v. to develop, to promote
103 法律 fǎlǜ n. law
104 翻译 fānyì n. translator, interpreter
105 反对 fǎnduì v. to oppose, to object to
106 方法 fāngfǎ n. method, way
107 方面 fāngmiàn n. aspect
108 方向 fāngxiàng n. direction, orientation
109 房东 fángdōng n. landlord/landlady
110 放弃 fàngqì v. to give up
111 放松 fàngsōng v. to relax
112 放暑假 fàngshǔjià to be on summer vacation
113 fèn m. used for jobs among other things
114 丰富 fēngfù v. to enrich
115 否则 fǒuzé conj. or, otherwise
116 符合 fúhé v. in accord with
117 adj. rich, wealthy
118 父亲 fùqīn n. father
119 付款 fù kuǎn v. to pay a sum of money
120 复印 fùyìn v. to photocopy, to xerox
121 负责 fùzé v. to be in charge of
122 复杂 fùzá adj. complicated
G
123 干杯 gān bēi v. to drink a toast
124 改变 gǎibiàn v. to change
125 感动 gǎndòng v. to touch, to move
126 感觉 gǎnjué n. feeling
127 感情 gǎnqíng n. affection, love
128 感谢 gǎnxiè v. to thank
129 gǎn v. to rush for, to hurry
130 gàn v. to do, to act
131 gǎn v. to dare
132 gāng adv. just, not long
133 高速公路 gāosù gōnglù n. expressway
134 胳膊 gēbo n. arm
135 公里 gōnglǐ m. kilometer
136 功夫 gōngfu n. kung fu
137 鼓励 gǔlì v. to encourage
138 故意 gùyì adv. intentionally, on purpose
139 pron. various, different
140 工资 gōngzī n. pay, salary
141 共同 gòngtóng adj. common, shared
142 购物 gòu wù v. to shop, to buy things
143 gòu v. to be enough
144 估计 gūjì v. to estimate, to reckon
145 顾客 gùkè n. customer, client
146 guà v. to hang, to put up
147 关键 guānjiàn n. hinge, crux
148 关心 guānxīn v. to care for sth; caring; concerned
149 观众 guānzhòng n. audience
150 guāng adv. only, merely
151 广告 guǎnggào n. advertisement
152 guàng v. to stroll, to roam
153 管理 guǎnlǐ v. to manage, to administer
154 广播 guǎngbō n. broadcast, radio program
155 规定 guīdìng n. rule, regulation
156 国际 guójì n. international
157 国籍 guójí n. nationality, citizenship
158 果汁 guǒzhī n. fruit juice
159 过程 guòchéng n. course, process
H
160 海洋 hǎiyáng n. sea, ocean
161 害羞 hàixiū v. to be shy, to be timid
162 寒假 hánjià n. winter vacation
163 hàn n. sweat, perspiration
164 航班 hángbān n. scheduled flight
165 好处 hǎochù n. benefit, advantage
166 好像 hǎoxiàng adv. as if
167 号码 hàomǎ n. number
168 合格 hégé adj. qualified, up to standard
169 合适 héshì adj. fit, suitable
170 盒子 hézi n. box, case
171 hòu adj. deep, profound
172 后悔 huòhuǐ v. to regret
173 护士 hùshì n. nurse
174 互相 hùxiāng adv. mutually
175 互联网 hùliánwǎng n. internet
176 怀疑 huáiyí v. to suspect, to doubt
177 回忆 huíyì v. to call to mind, to recall
178 活动 huódòng n. activity, event
179 活泼 huópō adj. lively, vivacious
180 huǒ adj. hot, popular
181 获得 huòdé v. to get, to obtain
J
182 基础 jīchǔ n. base, foundation
183 激动 jīdòng adj. excited, emotional
184 积极 jījí adj. positive
185 积累 jīlěi v. to accumulate
186 及时 jíshí adv. in time
187 即使 jíshǐ conj. even if
188 v. to mail, to send
189 记者 jìzhě n. reporter, journalist
190 计划 jìhuà n./v. plan, to intend to
191 既然 jìrán conj. since, as, now that
192 技术 jìshù n. technology
193 继续 jìxù v. to go on, to continue
194 家具 jiājù n. furniture
195 加班 jiā bān v. to work overtime
196 加油站 jiāyóuzhàn n. gas station
197 jiǎ adj. false, fake
198 价格 jiàgé n. price
199 坚持 jiānchí v. to insist, to persist
200 减肥 jiǎn féi v. to lose weight
201 减少 jiǎnshǎo v. to reduce, to decrease
202 建议 jiànyì n. suggestion, advice
203 将来 jiānglái n. future
204 奖金 jiǎngjīn n. money award, bonus
205 降落 jiàngluò v. to descend, to land
206 降低 jiàngdī v. to lower, to reduce
207 jiāo v. to make (friends)
208 交流 jiāoliú v. to exchange, to communicate
209 交通 jiāotōng n. traffic, communication
210 郊区 jiāoqū n. suburb, outskirts
211 骄傲 jiāo'ào adj. arrogant, conceited
212 饺子 jiǎozi n. jiaozi, dumpling
213 教授 jiàoshòu n. professor
214 教育 jiàoyù v. to educate
215 接着 jiēzhe adv. then, immediately after that
216 接受 jiēshòu v. to accept
217 结果 jiēguǒ n. result
218 jié m. section, length
219 节约 jiéyuē v. to economize, to save
220 解释 jiěshì v. to explain
221 尽管 jǐnguǎn conj. although
222 紧张 jǐnzhāg adj. nervous
223 进行 jìnxíng v. to conduct, to carry out
224 禁止 jìnzhǐ v. to prohibit, to forbid
225 精彩 jīngcǎi adj. wonderful, splendid
226 经济 jīngjì n. economy
227 经历 jīnglì v. to experience, to go through
228 经验 jīngyàn n. experience
229 京剧 jīngjù n. Beijing opera
230 警察 jǐngchá n. police
231 景色 jǐngsè n. scene, view
232 竟然 jìngrán adv. indicating unexpectedness
233 竞争 jìngzhēng v. to compete
234 镜子 jìngzi n. mirror
235 究竟 jiūjìng adv. exactly (used in question for emphasis)
236 v. to give, to enumerate
237 举办 jǔbàn v. to conduct, to hold
238 举行 jǔxíng v. to hold (a meeting, event, etc.)
239 拒绝 jùjué v. to refuse, to reject
240 距离 jùlí n. distance
241 聚会 jùhuì v./n. to have a party, party, get-together
K
242 开心 kāixīn adj. happy, glad
243 开玩笑 kāi wánxiào v. to be kidding
244 看法 kànfǎ n. viewpoint, opinion
245 考虑 kǎolǜ v. to consider
246 烤鸭 kǎoyā n. roast duck
247 m. used for plants
248 科学 kēxué n. science
249 咳嗽 késou v. to cough
250 可怜 kělián adj. pitiable, poor
251 可惜 kěxī adj. pitiful, regretful
252 可是 kěshì conj. but, however
253 肯定 kěndìng adv. surely, certainly
254 空气 kōngqì n. air
255 空儿 kòngr n. free time, spare time
256 客厅 kètīng n. living room
257 kōng adj. empty
258 恐怕 kǒngpà adv. I guess… (indicating an estimation)
259 adj. bitter
260 矿泉水 kuàngquánshuǐ n. mineral water
261 kùn adj. sleepy
262 困难 kùnnan n. difficulty
L
263 v. to pull, to drag
264 垃圾桶 lājītǒng n. dustbin, trash can
265 来不及 lábují v. don't have enough time to, to be too late to
266 adj. hot, spicy
267 来得及 láidejí v. there's still time (to do sth.)
268 来自 láizì v. to be from
269 lǎn adj. lazy
270 浪费 làngfèi v. to waste
271 浪漫 làngmàn adj. romantic
272 礼拜天 lǐbàitiān n. Sunday
273 老虎 lǎohǔ n. tiger
274 冷静 lěngjìng adj. calm, composed
275 理发 lǐ fà v. to get a haircut
276 理解 lǐjiě v. to understand
277 理想 lǐxiǎng n. ideal
278 礼貌 lǐmào n. polite
279 厉害 lìhai adj. awesome, serious
280 力气 lìqi n. physical strength, effort
281 例如 lìrú v. for example
282 liǎ num.-m two, both
283 lián prep. even
284 联系 liánxì v. to contact
285 凉快 liángkuai adj. pleasantly cool
286 零钱 língqián n. small change
287 另外 lìngwài conj. besides, in addition
288 liú v. to leave
289 流利 liúlì adj. fluent
290 流行 liúxíng v. popular
291 luàn adj. burry-scurry, confused
292 旅行 lǚxíng v. to travel, to tour
293 律师 lǜshī n. lawyer
M
294 母亲 mǔqīn n. mother
295 麻烦 máfan v. to bother
296 免费 miǎn fèi v. to be free of charge
297 马虎 mǎhu adj. careless, slipshod
298 máo n. hair, fur
299 毛巾 máojīn n. towel
300 美丽 měilì adj. beautiful
301 mèng n. dream
302 迷路 mí lù v. to lose one's way
303 mǎn v. to reach a quota or limit
304 密码 mìmǎ n. password
305 民族 mínzú n. nationality, ethnic group
306 miǎo m. second, 1/60 minute
307 目的 mùdì n. aim, purpose
N
308 能力 nénglì n. ability, competence
309 耐心 niàxīn n. patience
310 难道 nándào adv. used in a rhethorical question for emphasis
311 nèi n. in, which
312 年龄 niánlíng n. age
313 难受 nánshòu adj. sad, unhappy
314 内容 nèiróng n. content
315 nòng v. to do, to make
316 nuǎn adj. warm
317 暖和 nuǎnhuo adj. warm
O
318 偶尔 ǒu'ěr adv. occasionally, once in a while
P
319 排列 páiliè v. to put in order, to arrange
320 排队 pái duì v. to form a line, to line up
321 判断 pànduàn v. to judge, to decide
322 péi v. to accompany
323 批评 pīpíng v. to criticize
324 皮肤 pífū n. skin
325 脾气 píqì n. temper, disposition
326 piān m. used for writings, papers or articles
327 piàn v. to cheat, to deceive
328 乒乓球 pīngpāngqiú n. table tennis, ping-pong
329 平时 píngshí n. normal times
330 adj. broken, torn
331 葡萄 pútao n. grape
332 普遍 pǔbiàn adj. universal, common
333 普通话 pǔtōnghuà n. Mandarin Chinese
Q
334 其次 qícì pron. second, next
335 其中 qízhōng n. among (which, them, etc.)
336 气候 qìhòu n. climate
337 千万 qiānwàn adv. must, to be sure to
338 签证 qiānzhèng n. visa
339 qiāo v. to knock, to beat, to strike
340 qiáo n. bridge
341 巧克力 qiǎokèlì n. chocolate
342 亲戚 qīnqi n. relative, kinsfolk
343 qīng adj. light, of little weight
344 轻松 qīngsōng adj. relaxed, effortless
345 情况 qíngkuàng n. situation, circumstances
346 qióng adj. poor, impoverished
347 区别 qūbié n. difference, distinction
348 v. to gain, to seek
349 全部 quánbù n. all, whole
350 缺点 quēdiǎn n. shortcoming
351 缺少 quēshǎo v. to lack
352 què adv. but, yet
353 确实 quèshí adv. truly, indeed
R
354 然而 rán'ér conj. but, however
355 任何 rènhé pron. any, whatever
356 任务 rènwu n. task, mission
357 rēng v. to throw away
358 仍然 rēngrán adv. still, yet
359 日记 rìjì n. diary, journal
360 入口 rùkǒu n. entrance
361 热闹 rènao adj. busy, bustling
S
362 散步 sàn bù v. to take a walk
363 森林 sēnlín n. forest
364 商量 shāngliang v. to discuss, to consult
365 沙发 shāfā n. sofa
366 伤心 shāng xīn adj. sad, sorrowful
367 稍微 shāowēi adv. a little, slightly
368 勺(子) sháo (zi) n. spoon
369 社会 shèhuì n. society
370 shēn adj. deep
371 申请 shēnqǐng v. to apply for
372 shěng n. province
373 shěng v. to save, to economize
374 甚至 shènzhì conj. even, so far as to
375 生活 shēnghuó n./v. life, to live
376 生命 shēngmìng n. life
377 生意 shēngyì n. business, trade
378 shèng v. to be left over, to remain
379 失望 shīwàng v. disappointed
380 失败 shībài v. to fail
381 师傅 shīfu n. a polite title for one with accomplished skills in a trade or handicraft
382 十分 shífēn adv. very, extremely
383 实际 shíjì n. reality
384 实在 shízài adv. really
385 使 shǐ v. to make, to cause
386 使用 shǐyòng v. to use
387 是否 shìfǒu adv. if, whether
388 适合 shìhé v. to fit, to suit
389 适应 shìyìng v. to get to used to
390 世纪 shìjì n. century
391 shōu v. to receive
392 收入 shōurù n. income
393 收拾 shōushi v. to put in order, to pack
394 首都 shǒudū n. capital (of a country )
395 首先 shǒuxiān pron. first
396 受不了 shòubuliǎo cannot stand, cannot bear
397 受到 shòudào v. to receive
398 售货员 shòuhuòyuán n. salesperson
399 shū v. to lose, to suffer defeat
400 熟悉 shúxi v. to be familiar with
401 数量 shùliàng n. amount, quantity
402 数字 shùzì n. number
403 shuài adj. handsome
404 顺便 shùnbiàn adv. in passing
405 顺利 shùnlì adj. smooth
406 顺序 shùnxù n. sequence, order
407 说明 shuōmíng v. to explain, to show
408 硕士 shuòshì n. Master, person who has a master's degree
409 adj. rigid, inflexible
410 速度 sùdù n. speed
411 塑料袋 sùliàodài n. plastic bag
412 suān adj. sour, tart
413 随便 suíbiàn adj. casual, at random
414 随着 suízhe prep. along with, as
415 孙子 sūnzi n. grandson
416 所有 suǒyǒu adj. all
T
417 tái m. used for machines
418 tái v. to lift, to raise
419 态度 tàidù n. attitude
420 tán v. to talk, to discuss
421 弹钢琴 tán gāngqín v. to play the piano
422 tāng n. soup
423 tàng m. time (used for a round trip)
424 táng n. sugar, candy
425 tǎng v. to lie (on one's back)
426 讨论 tǎoyàn v. to dislike
427 特点 tèdiǎn n. characteristic
428 v. to mention
429 提供 tígōng v. to provide
430 提前 tíqián v. to do (sth.) in advance or ahead of time
431 提醒 tí xǐng v. to remind
432 填空 tián kòng v. to fill in a blank
433 条件 tiáojiàn n. condition
434 tíng v. to stop, to cease
435 tǐng adv. quite, rather
436 通过 tōngguò prep. through, by means of
437 通知 tōngzhī v. to inform
438 同情 tóngqíng v. to show sympathy for
439 同时 tóngshí conj. at the same time, meanwhile
440 tuī v. to put off, to postpone
441 推迟 tuīchí v. to postpone, to delay
442 tuō v. to take-off
W
443 袜子 wàzi n. socks
444 完全 wánquán adv. completely
445 往往 wǎngwǎng adv. often, usually
446 网球 wǎngqiú n. tennis
447 味道 wèidào n. taste
448 无聊 wúliáo adj. boring
449 网站 wǎngzhàn n. webiste
450 危险 wēixiǎn adj. dangerous
451 温度 wēndù n. temperature
452 文章 wénzhāng n. essay, article
453 污染 wūrǎn v. to pollute
454 v. don't have, to be without
455 无法 wú fǎ v. cannot, to be unable ( to do sth.)
456 无论 wúlùn conj. regardless of, no matter (what, how, when, etc.)
457 误会 wùhuì n. misunderstanding
458 卫生间 wèishēngjiān n. restroom, bathroom
X
459 西红柿 xīhóngshì n. tomato
460 吸引 xīyǐn v. to attract
461 现金 xiànjī n. cash
462 小吃 xiǎochī n. small and cheap dishes
463 小伙子 xiǎohuǒzi n. young man
464 xián adj. salty
465 羡慕 xiànmù v. to envy, to admire
466 橡皮 xiàngpí n. eraser, rubber
467 消息 xiāoxi n. news
468 小说 xiǎoshuō n. novel, fiction
469 效果 xiàoguǒ n. effect
470 心情 xīnqíng n. mood, state of mind
471 辛苦 xīnkǔ adj. hard, toilsome
472 xiāng adj. fragrant, scented
473 相反 xiāngfǎn conj. on the contrary
474 相同 xiāngtóng adj. same
475 详细 xiángxì adj. detailed
476 xiǎng v. to sound, to ring
477 信心 xìnxīn n. confidence
478 兴奋 xìngfèn adj. excited
479 性格 xìnggé n. character, personality
480 幸福 xìngfú adj. happy
481 修理 xiūlǐ v. to repair, to mend
482 笑话 xiàohua n. joke
483 许多 xǔduō num. many, plenty of
484 信封 xìnfēng n. envelope
485 信息 xìnxī n. news, information
486 xíng v. to be OK, to be all right
487 xǐng v. to wake up, to be awake
488 性别 xìngbié n. sex, gender
489 学期 xuéqī n. term, semester
Y
490 压力 yālì n. pressure, stress
491 牙膏 yágāo n. toothpaste
492 ya part. a variant of "啊", used at the end of a question to soften the tone
493 yán n. salt
494 严格 yángé adj. strict, rigorous
495 严重 yánzhòng adj. serious, grave
496 研究 yánjiū v. to study, to do research
497 阳光 yángguāng adj. optimistic, cheerful
498 样子 yàngzi n. look, appearance
499 邀请 yāoqǐng v. to invite
500 要是 yàoshì conj. if, supposing
501 一切 yíqiè pron. all, every
502 以为 yǐwéi v. to think, to believe
503 艺术 yìshù n. art
504 印象 yìnxiàng n. impression
505 yíng v. to win
506 应聘 yìngpìn v. to apply for a job
507 永远 yǒngyuǎn adv. forever
508 眼镜 yǎnjìng n. glasses, spectacles
509 演出 yǎnchū v. to perform, to put on ( a show )
510 演员 yǎnyuán n. actor/actress
511 养成 yǎngchéng v. to develop, to form
512 钥匙 yàoshi n. key
513 也许 yěxǔ adv. maybe, perhaps
514 叶子 yèzi n. leaf
515 m. page
516 prep. via, by means of
517 意见 yìjiàn n. opinion, suggestion
518 引起 yǐnqǐ v. to cause, to lead to
519 因此 yīncǐ conj. therefore, so
520 勇敢 yǒnggnǎ adj. brave, couragerous
521 优点 yōudiǎn n. merit
522 优秀 yōuxiù adj. outstanding, excellent
523 幽默 yōumò adj. humourous
524 由于 yóuyú conj. because, since
525 yóu prep. by ( sb.)
526 邮局 yóujú n. post office
527 尤其 yóuqí adv. especially
528 友好 yǒuhǎo adj. friendly
529 友谊 yǒuyì n. friendship
530 愉快 yúkuài adj. glad, cheerful
531 prep. with
532 原来 yuánlái adj. original
533 原因 yuányīn n. reason
534 有趣 yǒuqù adj. interesting, fun
535 于是 yúshì conj. hence, therefore
536 羽毛球 yǔmáoqiú n. badminton
537 语法 yǔfǎ n. grammar
538 语言 yǔyán n. language
539 预习 yùxí v. to prepare lessons before class
540 原谅 yuánliàng v. to forgive
541 阅读 yuèdú v. to read
542 约会 yuēhuì v. to date, to go to an appointment
543 yún n. cloud
544 允许 yǔnxǔ v. to allow, to permit
Z
545 杂志 zázhì n. magazine
546 咱们 zánmen pron. we, us
547 暂时 zànshí n. temporary, for the time being
548 zāng adj. dirty
549 责任 zérèn n. responsibility, duty
550 增加 zēngjiā v. to increase, to add
551 占线 zhànxiàn v. to be busy, to be engaged (of a telephone line)
552 招聘 zhāopìn v. to recruit
553 zhào v. to take picture, to photograph
554 真正 zhēnzhèng adj. true, real
555 整理 zhěnglǐ v. to tidy up, to arrange
556 正常 zhèngcháng adj. regular, normal
557 正好 zhènghǎo adv. just in time, just right
558 正确 zhèngquè adj. correct, right
559 正式 zhèngshì adj. formal
560 纸袋 zhǐdài n. paper bag
561 证明 zhèngmíng v. to prove
562 zhī part. connecting the modifier and the word modified
563 支持 zhīchí v. to support
564 知识 zhīshí n. knowledge
565 值得 zhídé v. to be worth
566 直接 zhíjiē adj. direct, straight
567 植物 zhíwù n. plant
568 职业 zhíyè n. occupation, profession
569 zhǐ v. to refer to
570 只好 zhǐhǎo adv. cannot but, to be forced to
571 只要 zhǐyào conj. as long as, provided
572 质量 zhìliàng n. quality
573 至少 zhìshǎo adv. at least
574 zhòng adj. heavy, weighty
575 重点 zhòngdiǎn n. focal point, emphasis
576 重视 zhòngshì v. to attach importance to
577 周围 zhōuwéi n. surrounding
578 主意 zhǔyi n. idea, plan
579 祝贺 zhùhè v. to congratulate
580 著名 zhùmíng adj. famous, well-known
581 专门 zhuānmén adv. specially
582 专业 zhuānyè n. major, specialty
583 zhuàn v. to earn
584 zhuǎn v. to turn, to shift
585 准确 zhǔnquè adj. accurate, precise
586 准时 zhǔnshí adj. on time, punctual
587 仔细 zǐxì adj. careful, meticulous
588 自然 zìrán adv. naturally, certainly
589 自信 zìxìn adj. self-confident
590 总结 zǒngjié v. to sum up
591 v. to rent, to lease
592 最好 zuìhǎo adv. had better
593 尊重 zūnzhòng v. to respect
594 左右 zuǒyòu n. around, or so
595 zuò m. used for bridges, mountains, buildings, etc.
596 座位 zuòwèi n. seat
597 作用 zuòyòng n. function
598 作者 zuòzhě n. author
599 作家 zuòjiā n. writer

Text 1

他刚入职场的时候,对一切都感到新鲜。一天中午,他刚吃完饭,就迎头撞上老板。老板笑着随口说: “你能不能帮我买一份盒饭,或者让王经理回来时帮我带一份?” 这是老板给他的第一个任务,尽管很不重要。他既紧张又兴奋,他给快餐店打电话,盒饭已经卖完了。王经理出去吃饭,没有带手机,也一直联系不上。

他紧张极了,不知道怎么办,红着脸告诉老板没有买到盒饭也没有联系到王经理。虽然没有受到老板的批评,但是他心里很失落。这件事让他想到,如果他灵活一点,帮老板买到一份盒饭并不是什么难事。

不久,他又遇到一件事。老板打电话来找小李。他回答老板说:“小李还没有回来。”但他意识到自己不应该这样随口就推掉老板的问题,于是接着说:“我马上让她联系您。”老板说:“我有急事,别人也可以。”他马上问道:“这里有小张、小王还有我,您需要哪一位?”这样,老板的问题解决了。

他工作三年,渐渐变得和别人不同。因为他接电话和别的同事是不同的。“没有”“不清楚”“不知道”不再是他的常用语,他会提供更多的选择和更多的信息,而不是把所有的时间浪费在一个无法解决的困境中。

他就这样一点一点变得不同。他总是比别人多做一点,虽然只是多说几句话,但是他总能够及时地解决问题。有一天老板找他谈话,希望他出任客服部经理,因为他接电话的方式让老板相信他可以领导好一个客服部。他成功升职。

(52 words of HSK 1, 33 words of HSK 2, 36 words of HSK 3, 25 words of HSK 4)

text-4-1-1
text-4-1-2
text-4-1-3

question-4-1-1
question-4-1-2

Text 2

世界上并非只有人才会撒谎,动物也会撒谎。

黑猩猩就常骗同类。动物学家在研究黑猩猩的过程中,发现一只黑猩猩多次向其同伴示意:附近有香蕉。但当它的同伴按照这只黑猩猩的示意走过去时,那只撒谎的黑猩猩却向真正有香蕉的地方跑。被骗的黑猩猩扑了个空,而撒谎的猩猩却饱吃一顿。当它返回原地见到受骗的同伴时,却装得若无其事。

更有趣的是,黑猩猩会使用“苦肉计”。有一次,某个动物园里有一只黑猩猩被铁笼子里的铁架压着了,看样子,压得真不轻,因为它看起来很痛苦。当管理员急匆匆地去救它时,它却突然站了起来,张开手臂,抱住了管理员。原来,这只黑猩猩觉得实在是没意思,想找个伴玩儿。

科学家说,动物这种故意欺骗人和同类的行为,是动物生存斗争的一种手段。

(23 words of HSK 1, 17 words of HSK 2, 20 words of HSK 3, 24 words of HSK 4)

text-4-2-1
text-4-2-2

question-4-2-1
question-4-2-2

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